Peskiza foun ba konsumu ai-han fuik iha Timor-Leste

Konsumu ai-han fuik hanesan estratéjia importante ida ba tinan hirak ne’ebé umakain agrikultór sira hetan rísku ai-han menus iha Timor-Leste, ne’ebé peskiza husi Seeds of Life konsege deskobre.

Iha tinan hirak ne’ebé ai-han la seguru, umakain agrikultór sira iha área rurais signifikamente buka ai-han fuik tanba sira-nia ai-han rezerva hotu sedu liu kompara ho tinan normal sira seluk.

In years of food deficit, farming families are more likely to forage for wild foods © Conor Ashleigh/Seeds of Life

In years of food deficit, farming families are more likely to forage for wild foods © Conor Ashleigh/Seeds of Life

Peskiza ho t√≠tulu ‚Äėfunsaun ai-han fuik iha seguransa ai-han: exemplu husi Timor-Leste‚Äô, publikadu online iha jorn√°l Seguransa Ai-Han iha fulan Dezembru 2014.

Rezultadu bazéia ba komparasaun ai-han fuik ne’ebé uza husi estudu tolu:

  1. Estudu lonjitudinál ida kona-ba konsumu ai-han entre umakain agrikultór subsisténsia 14 iha distritu haat nia laran iha tinan 2006-07
  2. Levantamentu ida halo iha tinan 2011 ba umakain agrikultór 1,800 iha distritu 13 nia laran iha Timor-Leste
  3. Levantamentu ida ba umakain agrikultór 64 husi grupu komunidade habarak fini ualu iha distritu tolu iha tinan 2013

Peskiza hatudu katak nível buka ai-han fuik iha kualker tinan depende ba fatór balun hanesan: rezultadu produsaun husi ai-horis ne’ebé koileta ikus, nesesidade umakain, epoka/tempu ne’ebé buka ai-han fuik, no típu husi kobertura vegetal/ai-laran ne’ebé taka metin hodi fó apóiu ba ai-han sira ne’e atu moris.

Rezultadu hatudu katak konsumu ai-han fuik sa’e makaas iha tinan tomak nia laran liuliu akontese iha tempu bailoro (Maiu-Novembru) e depois iha tempu udan (Dezembru-Abril).

An elephant's foot yam (Maek in Tetun) growing in Ainaro © Sam Bacon/Seeds of Life

An elephant’s foot yam (Maek in Tetun) growing in Ainaro ¬© Sam Bacon/Seeds of Life

Iha tinan ‚Äėnormal‚Äô ida, 50% husi umakain agrikult√≥r sira-nia ai-han rezerva baibain hotu iha fulan Agostu no iha umakain 9.2% deit mak konsumu ai-han fuik. Mezmu nune‚Äôe, iha tinan ne‚Äôeb√© ai-han menus makaas no akontese tempu rai hamlaha, ‚Äúbatar ne‚Äôeb√© haloot t√≠pikamente hotu iha fulan rua sedu liu tinan baibain, no 50% husi umakain ne‚Äôeb√© hetan entrevista hahu buka ai-han fuik iha fulan Maiu nia laran‚ÄĚ.

Ai-han fuik ne’ebé buka/konsumu kuaze oioin deit iha distritu hirak nia laran tanba diversidade bo’ot husi vegetal/ai-horis. Por exemplu, iha levantamentu tinan 2006-07, distritu Liquiça kuaze iha espesies ai-han fuik ne’ebé dóbru/dalarua wainhira kompara ho distritu Aileu, Baucau ho Manufahi.

Ai-han fuik ne’ebé maioria ema konsumu mak hanesan kumbili, maek, koto moruk no akar. Ai-han fuik signifikante sira seluk ne’ebé konsumu mak hanesan ai-farina boraisa, uhi, talas fuik, sukaer no lehe. Konsumu ai-han fuik hirak ne’e dalabarak inklui ai-farina isin ne’ebé tetak rahun habai halo maran, nia musan, funan, fuan no tahan.

Estratéjia seluk buka ai-han iha tempu rai hamlaha inklui diversifikasaun ai-horis, fa’an animal no riku soin sira seluk, no uja rede sosiál hodi fó apóiu.

Haree ba tempu oin mai, aut√≥r deklara katak ai-han fuik kontinua sai hanesan ‚Äúai-han importante atu kobre tinan hirak ne‚Äôeb√© ai-han menus espesialmente ba umakain ne‚Äôeb√© iha r√≠sku nia laran, aumenta sira-nia kapasidade rezist√©nsia no hamenus sira-nia vulnerabilidade‚ÄĚ.

Farmer Angelino Soares Nuno breaks open a wild sesame seed pod in Maliana, Bobonaro © Conor Ashleigh/Seeds of Life

Farmer Angelino Soares Nuno breaks open a wild sesame seed pod in Maliana, Bobonaro © Conor Ashleigh/Seeds of Life

Peskiza kompleta husi William Erskine, Anita Ximenes, Diana Glazebrook, Marcelino de Jesus da Costa, Modesto Lopes, Luc Spyckerelle, Robert Williams no Harry Nesbitt.

Haree artigu jorn√°l seluk husi Seeds of Life.


Tabela 1. Ai-han fuik, parte hirak ne’ebé uja no preparasaun hanesan relata husi estudu respondente iha estudu lonjitudinál konsumu umakain, 2006-07

Wild foods TT.1 600pxWild foods TT.2 600px

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